Glycoside Hydrolase Family 94

Activities in FamilyAcholetin phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.-);
β-1,4-glucosyl-N-acetylglucosamine phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.-);
β-1,4-glucosylgalactose phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.-);
Mixed-linkage β-glucooligosaccharide phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.-);
Cellobiose phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.20);
Chitobiose phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.280);
Laminaribiose phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.31);
Cellobionic acid phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.321);
β-1,2-oligoglucan phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.333);
Solabiose phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.389);
3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl β-D-glucuronide phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.392);
Cellodextrin phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.49);
Mechanism Inverting e
ClanGH-Q
3D Structure Status( α / α ) 6 barrel
Catalytic Nucleophile/Basephosphate
Catalytic Proton DonorAsp
NoteFormerly known as glycosyltransferase family GT36; Assigned to a GH family following a paper by Hidaka, Honda, Kitaoka, Nirasawa, Hayashi, Wakagi, Shoun and Fushinobu (Structure (Camb). 2004 Jun;12(6):937-947) (PMID: 15274915) that revealed the evolutionary, structural and mechanistic relationship of these phosphorylases with glycoside hydrolases of clan GH-L.
External resourcesCAZypedia;
Statistics GenBank accession (6118); Uniprot accession (49); PDB accession (46); 3D entries (10); cryst (0)
Bacteria
Protein Name EC#ReferenceOrganismGenBank UniprotPDB/3D
 cellodextrin-phosphorylase (Cdp; CtCDP; RtCDP; Cthe_2989) 2.4.1.49 doi
Acetivibrio thermocellus ATCC 27405 ABN54185.1
BAA22081.1
A3DJQ6
O24780
Q93HT8
5NZ7[A,B]
5NZ8[A,B]
8H2K[A,B]
8H2V[A,B]
8H2W[A,B]
8H6H[A,B]
8HNU[A,B]
 cellobiose phosphorylase (Cbp; CtCBP; RtCBD; Cthe_0275) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Acetivibrio thermocellus ATCC 27405 ABN51514.1 A3DC35  
 cellodextrin phosphorylase (Cdp-ym4) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
Acetivibrio thermocellus YM4 BAB71818.1 Q93HT8  
 cellobiose phosphorylase (Cbp) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Acetivibrio thermocellus YM4 AAL67138.1 Q8VP44 3QDE[A,B]
8HO7[A,B]
8HO8[A,B]
8HO9[A,B]
8HOB[A,B]
8IYR[A,B]
 cellobiose-phosphorylase (Cbp) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Acetivibrio thermocellus YM4 BAA25846.1 O66383  
 laminaribiose phosphorylase (ACL_0729;ACL0729) 2.4.1.31 pubmed
Acholeplasma laidlawii PG-8A ABX81345.1 A9NG65  
 acholetin phosphorylase (AchP; ACL_1061) 2.4.1.- pubmed
Acholeplasma laidlawii PG-8A ABX81671.1 A9NH41  
 cyclic β-1,2-glucan synthase (Atu2730;ChvB;cgs) 2.4.1.333 pubmed
Agrobacterium fabrum str. C58 AAK88447.2
AAK88447.1
AAL43711.1
NP_355662.1
NP_533395.1
Q7CWD9 8RF0[A]
8RF9[A]
8RFE[A]
8RFG[A]
 mixed-linkage β-glucooligosaccharide phosphorylase (BpGH94MLG; E5259_00910) 2.4.1.- pubmed
Blautia producta DSM 2950 QMW76265.1 A0A7G5MNS2 8BOU[A,B]
 cyclic β-1,2-glucan synthetase / cyclic glucan synthase (Cgs) 2.4.1.333 pubmed
Brucella abortus S19 ACD71661.1
AAC34747.1
AAC34747.2
A0A0F6ANM6
B2S8A8
O85166
 
 cellobiose phosphorylase (Cbp;CgCBP) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Cellulomonas gilvus ATCC13127 BAA28631.1 O66264 2CQS[A,B]
2CQT[A,B]
3ACS[A,B]
3ACT[A,B]
3AFJ[A,B]
3QFY[A,B]
3QFZ[A,B]
3QG0[A,B]
 cellobiose phosphorylase (CbP) 2.4.1.20 doi
Cellulomonas uda DSM 20108 AAQ20920.1 Q7WTR6 3RRS[A,B]
3RSY[A,B]
3S4A[A,B]
3S4B[A,B]
3S4C[A]
3S4D[A]
 4-O-β-D-glucosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine phosphorylase (IaGP; IALB_1006) 2.4.1.- pubmed
Ignavibacterium album JCM 16511 AFH48717.1 I0AIB0  
 β-1,2-oligoglucan phosphorylase (LpSOGP;Cphy_0694) 2.4.1.333 pubmed
Lachnoclostridium phytofermentans ISDg ABX41081.1 A9KJS6 5H3Z[A,B]
5H40[A,B]
5H41[A,B]
5H42[A,B]
 β-1,2-oligoglucan phosphorylase (LiSOGP; Lin1839) 2.4.1.333 pubmed
Listeria innocua Clip11262 CAC97070.1
NP_471174.1
Q92AT0  
 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl β-D-glucuronide phosphorylase (PBOR_13355) 2.4.1.392 doi
Paenibacillus borealis DSM 13188 AIQ57809.1 A0A089MMR2  
 solabiose phosphorylase (PBOR_28850) 2.4.1.389 pubmed
Paenibacillus borealis DSM 13188 AIQ60507.1 A0A089LI24  
 4-O-β-D-glucosyl-D-galactose phosphorylase (GGalP; PpGGalP; X809_13280) 2.4.1.389 pubmed
Paenibacillus polymyxa CR1 AHC20114.1
AHC20112.2
   
 laminaribiose phosphorylase (LbpA) 2.4.1.31 pubmed
Paenibacillus sp. YM1 BAJ10826.1 D7UT17 6GGY[A,B]
6GH2[A,B]
6GH3[A,B]
 cellodextrin phosphorylase (CdpA; Ccel_1439) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum H10 ACL75793.1 B8I1W7  
 cellodextrin phisphorylase (CdpC; Ccel_3412) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum H10 ACL77700.1 B8I1R5  
 cellobiose phosphorylase (CbpA;Ccel_2109) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum H10 ACL76454.1 B8I421  
 cellodextrin phosporylase (CdpB; Ccel_2354) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
Ruminiclostridium cellulolyticum H10 ACL76688.1 B8I5F2  
 cellobiose phosphorylase (CBP;RaCBP;Rumal_0187) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Ruminococcus albus 7 = DSM 20455 ADU20744.1 E0LCW6
E6UCF2
 
 cellodextrin phosphorylase (CDP;RaCDP;Rumal_2403) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
Ruminococcus albus 7 = DSM 20455 ADU22883.1 E0L4C3
E6UE18
 
 cellobionic acid phosphorylase 94B (Cep94B;CBAP;SdCBAP;Sde_0906) (Cep94B) 2.4.1.321 pubmed
Saccharophagus degradans 2-40 ABD80168.1 Q21MB1 4ZLE[A]
4ZLF[A]
4ZLG[A]
4ZLI[A]
 cellobiose phosphorylase 94A (Cbp;SdCBP;Sde_1318) (Cep94A) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Saccharophagus degradans 2-40 ABD80580.1 Q21L49  
 cellodextrin-phosphorylase (CepB;CsCdP) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
Thermoclostridium stercorarium DSM8532 AAC45511.1 P77846  
 cellobiose-phosphorylase (CepA) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Thermoclostridium stercorarium NCIB 11754 AAC45510.1 Q59316  
 cellobiose-phosphorylase (CepA;TM1848;Tmari_1863) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Thermotoga maritima MSB8 AAD36910.1
AGL50787.1
AHD18255.1
AKE29604.1
NP_229644.1
Q9X2G3
R4P2E1
 
 cellobiose-phosphorylase (CbpA) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
Thermotoga neapolitana DSM 4359 AAB95491.2
ACM22959.1
B9K7M6
O52504
 
 cellobiose phosphorylase (GH94_G) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
uncultured bacterium QCO92836.1 A0A4P8GF30  
 cellodextrin phosphorylase (GH94_F) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
uncultured bacterium QCO92835.1 A0A4P8GE33  
 laminaribiose phosphorylase (GH94_B) 2.4.1.31 pubmed
uncultured bacterium QCO92990.1 A0A4P8GFQ2  
 laminaribiose phosphorylase (GH94_C) 2.4.1.31 pubmed
uncultured bacterium QCO92945.1
QCO93023.1
QCO93046.1
A0A4P8GE90  
 cellobiose phosphorylase (GH94_E) 2.4.1.20 pubmed
uncultured bacterium QCO92799.1 A0A4P8GDW8  
 cellodextrin phosphorylase (GH94_A) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
uncultured bacterium QCO92991.1 A0A4P8GG51  
 cellodextrin phosphorylase (GH94_D) 2.4.1.49 pubmed
uncultured bacterium QCO92946.1
QCO93024.1
QCO93047.1
A0A4V1E8I4  
 diacetylchitobiose phosphorylase (ChbP) 2.4.1.280 pubmed
Vibrio furnissii AAG23740.1 Q9F8X1  
 chitobiose phosphorylase (ChbP;VpChBP) 2.4.1.280 pubmed
Vibrio proteolyticus BAC87867.1 Q76IQ9 1V7V[A]
1V7W[A]
1V7X[A]
 cellobionic acid phosphorylase (CelAP; NdvB; XCC4077) 2.4.1.321 pubmed
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris str. ATCC 33913 AAM43298.1
NP_639416.1
Q8P3J4  
Eukaryota
Protein Name EC#ReferenceOrganismGenBank UniprotPDB/3D
 cellobionic acid phosphorylase (CelAP;NdvB;NCU09425) 2.4.1.321 pubmed
Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA28929.1
XP_332117.1
Q7S0S2  
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