Auxiliary Activity Family 9

Activities in FamilyAA9 (formerly GH61) proteins are copper-dependent lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs); cleavage of cellulose chains with oxidation of various carbons (C-1, C-4 and C-6) has been reported several times in the literature;
Mechanism monooxygenase
NoteAA9 (formerly GH61). The enzymes in this family were originally classified as a glycoside hydrolases (GH61) based on very weak endo-1,4-b-D-glucanase activity in one family member. They are now reclassified in the AA category of CAZy. Because a significant literature is associated with the old name GH61, we recommend to describe these enzymes as "AA9 (formerly GH61)".
External resourcesCAZypedia;
Statistics GenBank accession (486); Uniprot accession (135); PDB accession (39); 3D entries (16); cryst (0)
All (406) Eukaryota (406) Structure (16) Characterized (27)
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Eukaryota
Protein Name EC#OrganismGenBank UniprotPDB/3D
 MGG_16080 (fragment)   Magnaporthe oryzae 70-15 XP_003709033.1    
 MGG_16043 (fragment)   Magnaporthe oryzae 70-15 XP_003708922.1    
 MGG_12733 (probable fragment)   Magnaporthe oryzae 70-15 XP_003716689.1    
 copper-dependent polysaccharide monooxygenases (Gh61) (fragment)   Malbranchea cinnamomea CBS 115.68 CCP37674.1    
 copper-dependent polysaccharide monooxygenases (Gh61) (fragment)   Melanocarpus albomyces CBS 638.94 CCP37668.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (active on cellulose) (PMO-2;NcPMO-2;NcLPMO9D;GH61-4;NCU01050) (LPMO9D) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A CAD21296.1
EAA32426.1
XP_326543.1
Q1K8B6
Q8WZQ2
4EIR[A,B]
5TKF[A,B,C,D]
5TKG[A,B]
5TKH[A,B]
5TKI[A,B]
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9F (active on cellulose) (PMO-03328;LPMO-03328;NcLPMO9F;GH61-6;NCU03328) (LPMO9F) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A CAD70347.1
EAA26656.1
XP_322586.1
Q1K4Q1
Q873G1
4QI8[A,B]
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (PMO-01867;LPMO-01867;NcLPMO9J;GH61-10;NCU01867;B13N4.070) (LPMO9J) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A CAE81966.1
EAA36262.1
XP_329057.1
Q7SHD9  
 NCU02344.1 (B23N11.050)   Neurospora crassa OR74A CAF05857.1
EAA30230.1
XP_331120.1
Q7S411  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (active on cellulose) (PMO-3;NcLPMO9M;GH61-13;NcPMO-3;NCU07898) (LPMO9M) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA33178.1
XP_328604.1
Q7SA19 4EIS[A,B]
 NCU05969.1   Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA29347.1
XP_325824.1
Q7S1V2  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (active on cellulose and cellooligosaccharides) (PMO-02916;LPMO-02916;NcLPMO9C;GH61-3;NCU02916) (LPMO9C) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA36362.1
XP_330104.1
Q7SHI8 4D7U[A,B]
4D7V[A,B]
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (active on cellulose) (GH61-2;NCU07760) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA29018.1
XP_328466.1
Q7S111  
 NCU07520.1   Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA29132.1
XP_327806.1
Q7S1A0  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (active on cellulose) (GH61-1;NcLPMO9A;NCU02240) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA30263.1
XP_331016.1
Q7S439 5FOH[A]
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (active on cellulose) (NCU00836) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA34466.1
XP_325016.1
Q7SCJ5  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase (active on cellulose) (PMO-08760;LPMO-08760;NcLPMO9E;GH61-5;NCU08760) (LPMO9E) 1.-.-.- Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA26873.1
XP_330877.1
Q7RWN7  
 NCU07974.1   Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA33408.1
XP_328680.1
Q7SAR4  
 NCU03000.1 (B24P7.180)   Neurospora crassa OR74A EAA36150.1
CAB97283.2
XP_330187.1
Q7RV41
Q9P3R7
 
 cellulose monooxygenase   Penicillium oxalicum GZ-2 AIO06742.1    
 Pc12g13610   Penicillium rubens Wisconsin 54-1255 CAP80988.1 B6H016  
 Pc13g07400   Penicillium rubens Wisconsin 54-1255 CAP91809.1 B6H3U0  
 Pc13g13110   Penicillium rubens Wisconsin 54-1255 CAP92380.1 B6H3A3  
 Pc20g11100   Penicillium rubens Wisconsin 54-1255 CAP86439.1 B6HG02  
 lytic polysaccharide mono-oxygenase, partial (LpmO)   Pestalotiopsis sp. NCi6 ANB32142.1    
 lytic polysaccharide mono-oxygenase, partial (LpmO)   Pestalotiopsis sp. NCi6 ANB32139.1    
 lytic polysaccharide mono-oxygenase, partial (LpmO)   Pestalotiopsis sp. NCi6 ANB32143.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase active on cellulose (PsLPMOB) (partial) 1.-.-.- Pestalotiopsis sp. NCi6 ANB32140.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase active on cellulose (PsLPMOA) (partial) 1.-.-.- Pestalotiopsis sp. NCi6 ANB32141.1    
 ORF   Phakopsora pachyrhizi ALL40857.1    
 Cel61 (Cel61A)   Phanerochaete chrysosporium BKM-F-1767 AAM22493.1 Q8NJI9  
 Lytic polysaccharide mono-oxygenase active on cellulose (Gh61D;PcGH61D;PcLPMO9D) 1.-.-.- Phanerochaete chrysosporium K-3 BAL43430.1   4B5Q[A,B]
 Putative Glycoside Hydrolase Family 61   Podospora anserina S mat+ CDP30131.1
CAP64732.1
B2AL94  
 Putative Glycoside Hydrolase Family 61   Podospora anserina S mat+ CDP30928.1
CAP71532.1
B2B346  
 Pa_1_500   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP59702.1
CDP22345.1
B2A9F5  
 Pa_4_350   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP61395.1
CDP27750.1
B2AD80  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase active on cellulose and hemicelluloses (Pa_4_1020;PaLPMO9H) 1.-.-.- Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP61476.1
CDP27830.1
B2ADG1  
 Pa_0_270   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP61650.1
CDP28001.1
B2ADY5  
 Pa_5_8940   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP64619.1
CDP30017.1
B2AKU6  
 Pa_5_4100 (fragment)   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP64865.1
CDP29378.1
B2ALM7  
 Pa_5_6950   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP65111.1
CDP29800.1
B2AMI8  
 Pa_5_10660   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP65855.1
CDP30283.1
B2APD8  
 Pa_5_10760   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP65866.1
CDP30272.1
B2APE9  
 Pa_5_11630 (fragment)   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP65971.1
CDP30166.1
B2API9  
 lytic cellulose monooxygenase (Pa_4_7570;PaLPMO9D) 1.-.-.- Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP66744.1
CDP28479.1
B2ARG6  
 Pa_1_21900 (fragment)   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP67176.1
CDP24589.1
B2AS05  
 Pa_1_22040   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP67190.1
CDP24603.1
B2AS19  
 Pa_1_22150 (fragment)   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP67201.1
CDP24614.1
B2AS30  
 Pa_6_11220   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP67466.1
CDP30332.1
B2ASU3  
 Pa_6_11370   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP67481.1
CDP30347.1
B2ASV8  
 Pa_6_11470   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP67493.1
CDP30359.1
B2ASX0  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase active on cellulose (Pa_1_16300;PaLPMO9E) 1.-.-.- Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP67740.1
CDP23998.1
B2ATL7  
 Pa_7_5030   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP68173.1
CDP31642.1
B2AUV0  
 Pa_7_3770   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP68309.1
CDP31780.1
B2AV86  
 Pa_7_3390   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP68352.1
CDP31823.1
B2AVC8  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase active on cellulose (Gh61B;Pa_7_3160;PaLPMO9B) (Gh61B) 1.-.-.- Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP68375.1
CDP31846.1
B2AVF1  
 lytic cellulose monooxygenase (Pa_6_7780;PaLPMO9F) 1.-.-.- Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP71839.1
CDP31230.1
B2B403  
 Pa_2_1700   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP72740.1
CDP25137.1
B2B4L5  
 Pa_2_4860 (PaLPMO9G)   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP73072.1
CDP25472.1
B2B5J7  
 lytic polysaccharide mono-oxygenase active on cellulose (Gh61A;Pa_2_6530;PaLPMO9A) (GH61A) 1.-.-.- Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP73254.1
CDP25655.1
B2B629  
 Pa_2_7040   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP73311.1
CDP25714.1
B2B686  
 Pa_2_7120   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP73320.1
CDP25723.1
B2B695  
 Pa_3_190   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP61048.1
CDP26500.1
B2AC83  
 Pa_3_2580   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP70156.1
CDP26748.1
B2AZV6  
 Pa_3_3310   Podospora anserina S mat+ CAP70248.1
CDP26841.1
B2AZD4  
 endo-β-1,4-glucanase (Egl1;PlEGL1)   Pseudopyrenochaeta lycopersici ISPaVe ER 1211 AEV53599.1    
 copper-dependent polysaccharide monooxygenases (Gh61) (fragment)   Rasamsonia byssochlamydoides CBS 151.75 CCP37669.1    
 copper-dependent polysaccharide monooxygenases (Gh61) (fragment)   Remersonia thermophila CBS 540.69 CCP37675.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9P) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99275.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9Q) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99270.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9T) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99281.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9O) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99276.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9A) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99282.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9R) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99284.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9F) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99277.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9N) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99279.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9I)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99278.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9L) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99273.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9H) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99268.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9M)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99283.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9B) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99265.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9E)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99274.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9K) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99269.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9D) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99272.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9S) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99267.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9G) (fragment)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99271.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9 (Lpmo9J)   Rhizophlyctis rosea AWM99280.1    
 RHTO0S_28e01816g   Rhodotorula toruloides CECT1137 CDR49619.1    
 sscle_01g005630   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA05793.1    
 sscle_01g001690   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA05399.1    
 sscle_15g106390   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA15869.1    
 sscle_11g084420   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA13672.1    
 sscle_08g068340   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA12064.1    
 sscle_04g039100   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA09140.1    
 sscle_05g040510   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA09281.1    
 sscle_10g077670   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA12997.1    
 sscle_08g068360   Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980 UF-70 APA12066.1    
 copper-dependent polysaccharide monooxygenases (Gh61) (fragment)   Scytalidium indonesiacum CBS 259.81 CCP37676.1    
 PIIN_01487   Serendipita indica DSM 11827 CCA67659.1    
 PIIN_02110   Serendipita indica DSM 11827 CCA68244.1    
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