Auxiliary Activity Family 9

Activities in FamilyAA9 (formerly GH61) proteins are copper-dependent lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs); cleavage of cellulose chains with oxidation of carbons C1 and/or C4 and C-6); lytic cellulose monooxygenase (C1-hydroxylating) (EC; lytic cellulose monooxygenase (C4-dehydrogenating) (EC
Mechanism monooxygenase
NoteAA9 (formerly GH61). The enzymes in this family were originally classified as a glycoside hydrolases (GH61) based on very weak endo-1,4-b-D-glucanase activity in one family member. They are now reclassified in the AA category of CAZy. Because a significant literature is associated with the old name GH61, we recommend to describe these enzymes as "AA9 (formerly GH61)".
External resourcesCAZypedia;
Statistics GenBank accession (658); Uniprot accession (135); PDB accession (43); 3D entries (17); cryst (0)
All (578) Eukaryota (578) Structure (17) Characterized (29)
| 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 |
Protein Name EC#OrganismGenBank UniprotPDB/3D
 Cel1   Agaricus bisporus D649 AAA53434.1 Q00023  
 EGX53531.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX53531.1    
 EGX53328.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX53328.1    
 EGX53143.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX53143.1    
 EGX52740.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX52740.1    
 EGX52397.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX52397.1    
 EGX51594.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX51594.1    
 EGX51003.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX51003.1    
 EGX50880.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX50880.1    
 EGX48168.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX48168.1    
 EGX47847.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX47847.1    
 EGX47430.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX47430.1    
 EGX46833.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX46833.1    
 EGX46140.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX46140.1    
 EGX45639.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX45639.1    
 EGX45391.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX45391.1    
 EGX44454.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX44454.1    
 EGX44104.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX44104.1    
 EGX44040.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX44040.1    
 EGX43865.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX43865.1    
 EGX43029.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX43029.1    
 EGX54086.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX54086.1    
 EGX50459.1 (fragment)   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX50459.1    
 EGX50455.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX50455.1    
 EGX48824.1 (fragment)   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX48824.1    
 EGX48532.1 (fragment)   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX48532.1    
 EGX44929.1   Arthrobotrys oligospora ATCC 24927 EGX44929.1    
 AfA5C5.025   Aspergillus fumigatus CAF31975.1 Q6MYM8  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9, partial   Aspergillus fumigatus QDC27793.1    
 Afum_AFUA_4G07850   Aspergillus fumigatus Af293     5X6A[A,B]
 AFUA_4G07850   Aspergillus fumigatus Af293 XP_752040.1
 endoglucanase / CMCase (Eng61)   Aspergillus fumigatus MKU1 AFJ54163.1    
 endo-β-1,4-glucanase B (EglB;AkCel61A) (Cel61A)   Aspergillus kawachii NBRC4308 BAB62318.1 Q96WQ9  
 AN1041.2   Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA65609.1 C8VTW9
 AN3511.2   Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA59072.1 Q5B7G9  
 AN9524.2   Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA66740.1
 AN7891.2   Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA59545.1 Q5AUY9  
 AN6428.2   Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA58450.1 C8V0F9
 AN3046.2   Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA63617.1 C8VIS7
 AN3860.2 (EglF)   Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA59125.1 C8V6H2
 Lytic cellulose monooxygenase (C4-dehydrogenating) (AN1602) Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA64722.1
 AN2388.2   Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 EAA64499.1 C8VNP4
 An04g08550   Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88 CAK38942.1 A2QJX0  
 An08g05230   Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88 CAK45495.1 A2QR94  
 An12g02540   Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88 CAK41095.1 A2QYU6  
 An12g04610   Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88 CAK97151.1 A2QZE1  
 An14g02670   Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88 CAK46515.1 A2R313  
 An15g04570   Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88 CAK97324.1 A2R5J9  
 An15g04900   Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88 CAK42466.1 A2R5N0  
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9, partial   Aspergillus oryzae QDC27794.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9, partial   Aspergillus oryzae QDC27796.1    
 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase 9, partial   Aspergillus oryzae QDC27795.1    
 AO090005000531   Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 BAE55582.1 Q2US83  
 AO090001000221   Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 BAE56764.1 Q2UNV1  
 AO090023000056   Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 BAE58643.1 Q2UIH2  
 AO090023000159   Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 BAE58735.1 Q2UI80  
 AO090023000787   Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 BAE59290.1 Q2UGM5  
 AO090012000090   Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 BAE60320.1 Q2UDP5  
 AO090138000004   Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 BAE64395.1 Q2U220  
 AO090103000087   Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 BAE65561.1 Q2TYW2  
 Cel6 (E6)   Bipolaris maydis C4 AAM76663.1 Q8J0H7  
 BGT96224V316_LOCUS6520   Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici VDB92751.1    
 BCIN_15g03140   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ57781.1    
 BCIN_06g07050   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ51291.1    
 BCIN_12g03920   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ55836.1    
 BCIN_11g05360   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ55262.1    
 BCIN_09g06750   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ53918.1    
 BCIN_09g06730   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ53916.1    
 BCIN_06g00480   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ50551.1    
 BCIN_05g08230   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ50474.1    
 BCIN_02g02040   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ46857.1    
 BCIN_03g05890   Botrytis cinerea B05.10 ATZ48364.1    
 glycoside hydrolase family 61 protein (Bofut4_p103280.1)   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD34368.1    
 glycoside hydrolase family 61 protein (Bofut4_p003870.1)   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD47228.1    
 glycoside hydrolase family 61 protein (Bofut4_p109330.1)   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD48549.1    
 glycoside hydrolase family 61 protein (Bofut4_p025380.1)   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD50139.1    
 glycoside hydrolase family 61 protein (Bofut4_p025430.1)   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD50144.1    
 glycoside hydrolase family 61 protein (Bofut4_p018100.1)   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD51504.1    
 glycoside hydrolase family 61 protein (Bofut4_p031660.1)   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD49290.1    
 glycoside hydrolase family 61 protein (Bofut4_p000920.1)   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD52645.1    
 BofuT4P143000045001   Botrytis cinerea T4 CCD50451.2
 ORF   Chaetomium thermophilum CT2 AGY80102.1    
 ORF (fragment)   Chaetomium thermophilum CT2 AGY80103.1    
 ORF (fragment)   Chaetomium thermophilum CT2 AGY80104.1    
 ORF (fragment)   Chaetomium thermophilum CT2 AGY80105.1    
 Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase   Collariella virescens CBS 547.75 AST24379.1   5NLT[A,B,C,D,E,F]
 ORF (partial)   Colletotrichum graminicola M2 CAQ16278.1 B5WYD8  
 ORF   Colletotrichum graminicola M2 CAQ16206.1 B5WY66  
 ORF   Colletotrichum graminicola M2 CAQ16208.1 B5WY68  
 ORF   Colletotrichum graminicola M2 CAQ16217.1 B5WY77  
 unnamed protein product   Coprinopsis cinerea CAG27578.1    
 A9K55_007728   Cordyceps militaris ATCC 34164 ATY62856.1    
 copper-dependent polysaccharide monooxygenases (Gh61) (fragment)   Crassicarpon thermophilum CBS 406.69 CCP37667.1    
 CGB_A6300C   Cryptococcus gattii WM276 ADV19810.1    
 CNAG_00601   Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii H99 AFR92731.1
 CKF44_000522   Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii KN99 AUB22195.1    
 Cel1   Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans AAC39449.1 O59899  
 CNA05840 (Cel1)   Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans JEC21 AAW41121.1 F5HH24  
 ORF (fragment)   Flammulina velutipes KACC 42777 ADX07320.1    
 CEK26_005232   Fusarium fujikuroi Augusto2 QGI92163.1    

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